A helpful rundown of what is – and what could be – taught in schools.
Sex and Relationships
Meeting and chatting to others online is a normal part of life for most teenagers, but using online dating services could put them at risk. Here, CEOP tells parents what they should know.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can affect anyone who's had sex, even if only once. Which doesn't quite seem fair, but that's infections for you. Young people aged under 25 have higher rates of STIs than other groups, so it's worth being aware of what the risks are, how to guard against them, where to go if you're worried and what, as a parent, you should be advising.
Brook's Richard Essery on how to deal with your child's developing sexuality, and the still-taboo topic of masturbation.
So-called pick-up artists (PUAs) have been in the news recently. One PUA who claims to be a pick-up coach (he does stage shows) called Julien Blanc was refused a visa to enter the UK.
There's some good news about young people's health (teen pregnancies down, smoking, drinking and drug taking down) but some not-so-good news (obesity and mental health problems up). A new report from Public Health England says that young people's mental and physical health are closely connected - and that relationships are the key to their health and wellbeing.
What do you need to know when your child is exploring their sexuality online? When they've never met their new girl/boyfriend? When they're using technology to take their relationship to the next level? And what do you need to say?
Distributing so-called revenge porn has recently become a criminal offence for over-18s. What does this mean in practice - and does it affect young people?
It's hard to start conversations about sex and relationships. Some advice from Brook on things to think about before you launch into that difficult conversation about sex, contraception and safety.
Justin Hancock, author of Talking To Teens About Sex, explains how to avoid stuttering about the birds and the bees
CEOP's tips for ways to start a conversation with your teenager – and where to take it after that.
Sex, drugs, internet porn - no, no, no, you don't want to talk to your child about that! How embarrassing. Especially as you know hardly anything about any of it. But it's one of those jobs (like changing nappies) that parents are put on earth to do. Here are our tips for making it less of an ordeal.
How likely is your child to come across porn on the internet?
Your child is probably going to come across unwanted images online. Not an easy topic for discussion. So how do you broach the subject?
Pornography is more available than ever before, thanks to the internet. It can also be a hideously embarrassing subject to broach with your child. In this video, CEOP's Jonathan Baggaley offers some tips for opening non-awkward discussions.
Online porn is everywhere - only a couple of clicks away in the playground or a friend's bedroom. Many older children, as well as some younger ones, have seen something that you (and quite possibly they) would rather they hadn't. Here are Dr Elly Hanson's tips for how to address this very tricky issue without feeling embarrassed or making your child feel awkward.
The porn industry can't make money out of sex that centres around personal connection and intimacy. It has to drive viewers to want to view more extreme content, of a kind they're prepared to pay for. As a result, watching porn can give young people a distorted idea of what men and women like to (and do) get up to - if, that is, they take it seriously, as a reflection of real life. Here CEOP's Dr Elly Hanson explains what we know from the evidence about the effect of porn on young people.
Concrete steps you can take to learn more about your LGBTQ child and their identity.
It can be very surprising to learn your child is trans. Naturally you will want to be supportive, but you may also have a lot of questions. Sue Chitayi, mother of a transgender son and parent volunteer at Gendered Intelligence, answers some of them in this Q&A.
Your child has come out. That’s great: it means that they feel confident about themselves and they are trusting you to be supportive.
But what do you actually say?
Gay men have a 'morning after' pill too - but many gay teenagers still don't know about it. And in fact, you don't have to take it the morning after - it's effective for up to 72 hours after unprotected sex. Little as you want to think about your child having unprotected sex, it does happen - and it's as well they know that there is something they can take to prevent them from developing HIV. Here's what one gay man wishes he'd known as a teenager.
Is your child uncertain about their sexuality? Are you half-expecting some big 'coming out' announcement? Richard Essery of Brook offers advice for parents on how to respond.
The NSPCC explains how a simple conversation will help to keep your child safe from sexual abuse
Abusers rely on secrecy. Here are the Lucy Faithfull Foundation's tips for things to look out for and how to respond.
In this video, Jonathan Baggaley explains how CEOP can help parents who are worried about online abuse.
What is an abusive relationship? How do you spot when someone is trying to exercise too much control over you? And how to warn your child against relationships that are going to hurt them?
The reality of abuse is rarely like the high-profile cases we hear about on the news. The Lucy Faithfull Foundation busts a few of the myths.
It's hard to think about the possiblity that someone we know might be an abuser or that a child may be being abused. But there are warning signs that can alert us to potentially abusive people and it's as well to be aware of them. Donald Findlater of the Lucy Faithfull Foundation explains what they are.
There can be few more horrifying things than finding out that your child has been sexually victimised. In the conflicting and overwhelming welter of emotions that follows, how you respond can make an enormous difference to their ability to cope and recover. CEOP's Dr Elly Hanson looks at what parents typically go through and offers clear guidelines on the best and most supportive response.
Recent cases of grooming in Rotherham, Oxford and elsewhere have shocked parents and carers. Parents Against Child Sexual Exploitation, Pace, here share what they've learned about the signs of sexual exploitation and the steps parents can take to keep their children safe from unhealthy relationships and grooming.
CEOP explains how the abusers operate and what you can do to protect the children in your care.
How CEOP Command brought a gang of online sexual predators to justice - and how you can help your child if they have been groomed
A number of factors are more likely to make a child vulnerable to grooming and sexual exploitation. Here, CEOP's Dr Helen Whittle outlines what factors put a child at risk - and what kinds of things make a child resilient and offer protection.
The Lucy Faithfull Foundation explains the workings of the grooming process.
The issue of consent has recently been in the news: Cambridge University is considering introducing classes on consent after a high number of students reported experiencing assault, harassment and unwelcome touching.
Your son or daughter hasn't only been having sex - now they or their partner is pregnant. Bekki Burbidge of the FPA looks at your options.
Laura Hurley of Brook offers some ideas for tackling the topic of abortion with your child - and explains why she thinks you should.
Get clued up on what's legal when it comes to contraception and sex for your teen.