This article was contributed by Cerebra

Cerebra is a national charity striving to improve the lives of children with neurological conditions through research, information and direct on-going support. Its aim is to provide information and support services to parents benefitting the lives of the children that they care for.

Main content

Learning disabilities, autism and internet safety: a guide for parents

Internet brain

Photo: Carolyn Speranza 

The charity Cerebra offers support for children and young people with brain conditions, and their families. Here is its advice on how best to prepare your child for life online

The internet can often be an easier place to communicate for children with autism and learning disabilities. There are many specially designed apps and programmes, with accessible design, simplified language and video clips that provide wonderful opportunities for learning.

Young people with autism and other communication disorders often find online interactions easier than face-to-face. Emoticons clearly express emotions – happy, sad, amused etc – which can be a real help for those who find it hard to decode body language, facial expressions and vocal tone.

Online learning also provides opportunities for repetition, so can be helpful for children who take longer to learn new things. They can go over activities as many times as needed to make sure they have mastered any particular area of learning.

Along with the many advantages to children and young people using the internet, though, come some risks.

Access to technology also means potential access to cyberbullying, online grooming and exposure to inappropriate content.

These are risks for all children and young people using the internet. But the risk can be more profound for young people with a learning disability, who may be more vulnerable, have tendencies to obsessive compulsive behaviour, and social naivety. Pupils with Special Educational Needs are 16% more likely to be persistently cyberbullied over a prolonged period of time.

So what can parents do to help?

Preparing your child to use the internet

Before your child begins using the internet regularly you might want to discuss some strategies for staying safe. For instance:

  • Establish ground rules with your child about how they can use the Internet, when and for how long.
  • Talk to your child about the kind of things it is ok to look at. A basic rule could be ‘if I won’t let you watch it on television, it’s not OK to search for it online.’
  • Ensure your child knows to come to you or another trusted adult if they see something that upsets them.

‘Encourage your child to use an online nickname and avatar’

  • Talk to your child about what it is and isn’t OK to tell people about themselves online. Encourage your child to use an online nickname and avatar and to tell you if anyone requests their real name, photos or information about where they live or go to school.
  • Agree that if your child receives an email with an attachment that they will talk to you before they open it.
  • Talk to your child about rules for being polite. These are equally important in online communication as in person.
Making the most of the benefits

In addition to helping your child stay safe online, it’s important to help them get the most out of the internet. Younger children especially can benefit from your guidance when it comes to where to go and what to do online.

Further information

Cerebra’s website is a good source of information about online communities, search engines and communication tools that work for children with learning disabilities and autism.

The advice published on Parent Info is provided by independent experts in their field and not necessarily the views of Parent Zone or NCA-CEOP.

Updated: ​May 2018

Related articles

Explore further